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abhinav6
Visitor
Visitor
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Registered: ‎06-01-2017

how to package FSM based module as AXI Lite slave ip

Hello, I am doing project which involves image filtering, so my module takes 3 pixel one by one, does some processing and at each pixel input, state of module(it has three states FSM) change at rising edge of clock. But now i want to package it as AXI Lite slave, So where should i connect the clock of my module so that each time i write slv register of AXI slave the clock of my module gets a rising edge(so that state change with each write of slave register of AXI).
I am new to this field and still an undergraduate student. Any help will be appreciated.

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timduffy
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Registered: ‎04-05-2016

Within Vivado, under the Tools menu there is "Create and Package New IP ...".  You can create a new IP block with an AXI4-Lite interface.  This will produce a file that you can modify, and make one of the registers external to the entity.

 

If you are looking for a pulse, I would free-run the clock, and generate a clock_enable ( ce ) from the rising edge of the register going from 0 to 1 ( or between any two values ).

 

    -- previous value of axi4-lite register 
    signal register_last_s : std_logic_vector(31 downto 0);
    
-- clock enable
signal ce_s : std_logic;
begin -- clock enable based on edge detect of axi4-lite register process ( aclk ) begin if ( rising_edge( aclk ) ) then -- defaults register_last_s <= register_s; ce_s <= '0'; -- edge detect if ( register_last_s = X"00000000" and register_s = X"00000001" ) then ce_s <= '1'; end if;
end if; end process;

Note: I did not compile the code above, it is intended as a reference

 

Hopefully that gets you started.

abhinav6
Visitor
Visitor
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Registered: ‎06-01-2017

Hey Thanks for response, So are saying that i should make following changes in auto generated code AXI Lite
1. Create reg clk to feed my module as clk

2. In case statement where it write data in slave register , make this clock go high.
3. And when all the other cases run make this clock low again.
Is there any better way of making this clock low again?

This is the auto generated code

`timescale 1 ns / 1 ps

	module tryinxor_v1_0_S00_AXI #
	(
		// Users to add parameters here

		// User parameters ends
		// Do not modify the parameters beyond this line

		// Width of S_AXI data bus
		parameter integer C_S_AXI_DATA_WIDTH	= 32,
		// Width of S_AXI address bus
		parameter integer C_S_AXI_ADDR_WIDTH	= 4
	)
	(
		// Users to add ports here

		// User ports ends
		// Do not modify the ports beyond this line

		// Global Clock Signal
		input wire  S_AXI_ACLK,
		// Global Reset Signal. This Signal is Active LOW
		input wire  S_AXI_ARESETN,
		// Write address (issued by master, acceped by Slave)
		input wire [C_S_AXI_ADDR_WIDTH-1 : 0] S_AXI_AWADDR,
		// Write channel Protection type. This signal indicates the
    		// privilege and security level of the transaction, and whether
    		// the transaction is a data access or an instruction access.
		input wire [2 : 0] S_AXI_AWPROT,
		// Write address valid. This signal indicates that the master signaling
    		// valid write address and control information.
		input wire  S_AXI_AWVALID,
		// Write address ready. This signal indicates that the slave is ready
    		// to accept an address and associated control signals.
		output wire  S_AXI_AWREADY,
		// Write data (issued by master, acceped by Slave) 
		input wire [C_S_AXI_DATA_WIDTH-1 : 0] S_AXI_WDATA,
		// Write strobes. This signal indicates which byte lanes hold
    		// valid data. There is one write strobe bit for each eight
    		// bits of the write data bus.    
		input wire [(C_S_AXI_DATA_WIDTH/8)-1 : 0] S_AXI_WSTRB,
		// Write valid. This signal indicates that valid write
    		// data and strobes are available.
		input wire  S_AXI_WVALID,
		// Write ready. This signal indicates that the slave
    		// can accept the write data.
		output wire  S_AXI_WREADY,
		// Write response. This signal indicates the status
    		// of the write transaction.
		output wire [1 : 0] S_AXI_BRESP,
		// Write response valid. This signal indicates that the channel
    		// is signaling a valid write response.
		output wire  S_AXI_BVALID,
		// Response ready. This signal indicates that the master
    		// can accept a write response.
		input wire  S_AXI_BREADY,
		// Read address (issued by master, acceped by Slave)
		input wire [C_S_AXI_ADDR_WIDTH-1 : 0] S_AXI_ARADDR,
		// Protection type. This signal indicates the privilege
    		// and security level of the transaction, and whether the
    		// transaction is a data access or an instruction access.
		input wire [2 : 0] S_AXI_ARPROT,
		// Read address valid. This signal indicates that the channel
    		// is signaling valid read address and control information.
		input wire  S_AXI_ARVALID,
		// Read address ready. This signal indicates that the slave is
    		// ready to accept an address and associated control signals.
		output wire  S_AXI_ARREADY,
		// Read data (issued by slave)
		output wire [C_S_AXI_DATA_WIDTH-1 : 0] S_AXI_RDATA,
		// Read response. This signal indicates the status of the
    		// read transfer.
		output wire [1 : 0] S_AXI_RRESP,
		// Read valid. This signal indicates that the channel is
    		// signaling the required read data.
		output wire  S_AXI_RVALID,
		// Read ready. This signal indicates that the master can
    		// accept the read data and response information.
		input wire  S_AXI_RREADY
	);

	// AXI4LITE signals
	reg [C_S_AXI_ADDR_WIDTH-1 : 0] 	axi_awaddr;
	reg  	axi_awready;
	reg  	axi_wready;
	reg [1 : 0] 	axi_bresp;
	reg  	axi_bvalid;
	reg [C_S_AXI_ADDR_WIDTH-1 : 0] 	axi_araddr;
	reg  	axi_arready;
	reg [C_S_AXI_DATA_WIDTH-1 : 0] 	axi_rdata;
	reg [1 : 0] 	axi_rresp;
	reg  	axi_rvalid;

	// Example-specific design signals
	// local parameter for addressing 32 bit / 64 bit C_S_AXI_DATA_WIDTH
	// ADDR_LSB is used for addressing 32/64 bit registers/memories
	// ADDR_LSB = 2 for 32 bits (n downto 2)
	// ADDR_LSB = 3 for 64 bits (n downto 3)
	localparam integer ADDR_LSB = (C_S_AXI_DATA_WIDTH/32) + 1;
	localparam integer OPT_MEM_ADDR_BITS = 1;
	//----------------------------------------------
	//-- Signals for user logic register space example
	//------------------------------------------------
	//-- Number of Slave Registers 4
	reg [C_S_AXI_DATA_WIDTH-1:0]	slv_reg0;
	reg [C_S_AXI_DATA_WIDTH-1:0]	slv_reg1;
	reg [C_S_AXI_DATA_WIDTH-1:0]	slv_reg2;
	reg [C_S_AXI_DATA_WIDTH-1:0]	slv_reg3;
	wire	 slv_reg_rden;
	wire	 slv_reg_wren;
	reg [C_S_AXI_DATA_WIDTH-1:0]	 reg_data_out;
	integer	 byte_index;

	// I/O Connections assignments

	assign S_AXI_AWREADY	= axi_awready;
	assign S_AXI_WREADY	= axi_wready;
	assign S_AXI_BRESP	= axi_bresp;
	assign S_AXI_BVALID	= axi_bvalid;
	assign S_AXI_ARREADY	= axi_arready;
	assign S_AXI_RDATA	= axi_rdata;
	assign S_AXI_RRESP	= axi_rresp;
	assign S_AXI_RVALID	= axi_rvalid;
	// Implement axi_awready generation
	// axi_awready is asserted for one S_AXI_ACLK clock cycle when both
	// S_AXI_AWVALID and S_AXI_WVALID are asserted. axi_awready is
	// de-asserted when reset is low.

	always @( posedge S_AXI_ACLK )
	begin
	  if ( S_AXI_ARESETN == 1'b0 )
	    begin
	      axi_awready <= 1'b0;
	    end 
	  else
	    begin    
	      if (~axi_awready && S_AXI_AWVALID && S_AXI_WVALID)
	        begin
	          // slave is ready to accept write address when 
	          // there is a valid write address and write data
	          // on the write address and data bus. This design 
	          // expects no outstanding transactions. 
	          axi_awready <= 1'b1;
	        end
	      else           
	        begin
	          axi_awready <= 1'b0;
	        end
	    end 
	end       

	// Implement axi_awaddr latching
	// This process is used to latch the address when both 
	// S_AXI_AWVALID and S_AXI_WVALID are valid. 

	always @( posedge S_AXI_ACLK )
	begin
	  if ( S_AXI_ARESETN == 1'b0 )
	    begin
	      axi_awaddr <= 0;
	    end 
	  else
	    begin    
	      if (~axi_awready && S_AXI_AWVALID && S_AXI_WVALID)
	        begin
	          // Write Address latching 
	          axi_awaddr <= S_AXI_AWADDR;
	        end
	    end 
	end       

	// Implement axi_wready generation
	// axi_wready is asserted for one S_AXI_ACLK clock cycle when both
	// S_AXI_AWVALID and S_AXI_WVALID are asserted. axi_wready is 
	// de-asserted when reset is low. 

	always @( posedge S_AXI_ACLK )
	begin
	  if ( S_AXI_ARESETN == 1'b0 )
	    begin
	      axi_wready <= 1'b0;
	    end 
	  else
	    begin    
	      if (~axi_wready && S_AXI_WVALID && S_AXI_AWVALID)
	        begin
	          // slave is ready to accept write data when 
	          // there is a valid write address and write data
	          // on the write address and data bus. This design 
	          // expects no outstanding transactions. 
	          axi_wready <= 1'b1;
	        end
	      else
	        begin
	          axi_wready <= 1'b0;
	        end
	    end 
	end       

	// Implement memory mapped register select and write logic generation
	// The write data is accepted and written to memory mapped registers when
	// axi_awready, S_AXI_WVALID, axi_wready and S_AXI_WVALID are asserted. Write strobes are used to
	// select byte enables of slave registers while writing.
	// These registers are cleared when reset (active low) is applied.
	// Slave register write enable is asserted when valid address and data are available
	// and the slave is ready to accept the write address and write data.
	assign slv_reg_wren = axi_wready && S_AXI_WVALID && axi_awready && S_AXI_AWVALID;

	always @( posedge S_AXI_ACLK )
	begin
	  if ( S_AXI_ARESETN == 1'b0 )
	    begin
	      slv_reg0 <= 0;
	      slv_reg1 <= 0;
	      slv_reg2 <= 0;
	      slv_reg3 <= 0;
	    end 
	  else begin
	    if (slv_reg_wren)
	      begin
	        case ( axi_awaddr[ADDR_LSB+OPT_MEM_ADDR_BITS:ADDR_LSB] )
	          2'h0:
	            for ( byte_index = 0; byte_index <= (C_S_AXI_DATA_WIDTH/8)-1; byte_index = byte_index+1 )
	              if ( S_AXI_WSTRB[byte_index] == 1 ) begin
	                // Respective byte enables are asserted as per write strobes 
	                // Slave register 0
	                slv_reg0[(byte_index*8) +: 8] <= S_AXI_WDATA[(byte_index*8) +: 8];
	              end  
	          2'h1:
	            for ( byte_index = 0; byte_index <= (C_S_AXI_DATA_WIDTH/8)-1; byte_index = byte_index+1 )
	              if ( S_AXI_WSTRB[byte_index] == 1 ) begin
	                // Respective byte enables are asserted as per write strobes 
	                // Slave register 1
	                slv_reg1[(byte_index*8) +: 8] <= S_AXI_WDATA[(byte_index*8) +: 8];
	              end  
	          2'h2:
	            for ( byte_index = 0; byte_index <= (C_S_AXI_DATA_WIDTH/8)-1; byte_index = byte_index+1 )
	              if ( S_AXI_WSTRB[byte_index] == 1 ) begin
	                // Respective byte enables are asserted as per write strobes 
	                // Slave register 2
	                slv_reg2[(byte_index*8) +: 8] <= S_AXI_WDATA[(byte_index*8) +: 8];
	              end  
	          2'h3:
	            for ( byte_index = 0; byte_index <= (C_S_AXI_DATA_WIDTH/8)-1; byte_index = byte_index+1 )
	              if ( S_AXI_WSTRB[byte_index] == 1 ) begin
	                // Respective byte enables are asserted as per write strobes 
	                // Slave register 3
	                slv_reg3[(byte_index*8) +: 8] <= S_AXI_WDATA[(byte_index*8) +: 8];
	              end  
	          default : begin
	                      slv_reg0 <= slv_reg0;
	                      slv_reg1 <= slv_reg1;
	                      slv_reg2 <= slv_reg2;
	                      slv_reg3 <= slv_reg3;
	                    end
	        endcase
	      end
	  end
	end    

	// Implement write response logic generation
	// The write response and response valid signals are asserted by the slave 
	// when axi_wready, S_AXI_WVALID, axi_wready and S_AXI_WVALID are asserted.  
	// This marks the acceptance of address and indicates the status of 
	// write transaction.

	always @( posedge S_AXI_ACLK )
	begin
	  if ( S_AXI_ARESETN == 1'b0 )
	    begin
	      axi_bvalid  <= 0;
	      axi_bresp   <= 2'b0;
	    end 
	  else
	    begin    
	      if (axi_awready && S_AXI_AWVALID && ~axi_bvalid && axi_wready && S_AXI_WVALID)
	        begin
	          // indicates a valid write response is available
	          axi_bvalid <= 1'b1;
	          axi_bresp  <= 2'b0; // 'OKAY' response 
	        end                   // work error responses in future
	      else
	        begin
	          if (S_AXI_BREADY && axi_bvalid) 
	            //check if bready is asserted while bvalid is high) 
	            //(there is a possibility that bready is always asserted high)   
	            begin
	              axi_bvalid <= 1'b0; 
	            end  
	        end
	    end
	end   

	// Implement axi_arready generation
	// axi_arready is asserted for one S_AXI_ACLK clock cycle when
	// S_AXI_ARVALID is asserted. axi_awready is 
	// de-asserted when reset (active low) is asserted. 
	// The read address is also latched when S_AXI_ARVALID is 
	// asserted. axi_araddr is reset to zero on reset assertion.

	always @( posedge S_AXI_ACLK )
	begin
	  if ( S_AXI_ARESETN == 1'b0 )
	    begin
	      axi_arready <= 1'b0;
	      axi_araddr  <= 32'b0;
	    end 
	  else
	    begin    
	      if (~axi_arready && S_AXI_ARVALID)
	        begin
	          // indicates that the slave has acceped the valid read address
	          axi_arready <= 1'b1;
	          // Read address latching
	          axi_araddr  <= S_AXI_ARADDR;
	        end
	      else
	        begin
	          axi_arready <= 1'b0;
	        end
	    end 
	end       

	// Implement axi_arvalid generation
	// axi_rvalid is asserted for one S_AXI_ACLK clock cycle when both 
	// S_AXI_ARVALID and axi_arready are asserted. The slave registers 
	// data are available on the axi_rdata bus at this instance. The 
	// assertion of axi_rvalid marks the validity of read data on the 
	// bus and axi_rresp indicates the status of read transaction.axi_rvalid 
	// is deasserted on reset (active low). axi_rresp and axi_rdata are 
	// cleared to zero on reset (active low).  
	always @( posedge S_AXI_ACLK )
	begin
	  if ( S_AXI_ARESETN == 1'b0 )
	    begin
	      axi_rvalid <= 0;
	      axi_rresp  <= 0;
	    end 
	  else
	    begin    
	      if (axi_arready && S_AXI_ARVALID && ~axi_rvalid)
	        begin
	          // Valid read data is available at the read data bus
	          axi_rvalid <= 1'b1;
	          axi_rresp  <= 2'b0; // 'OKAY' response
	        end   
	      else if (axi_rvalid && S_AXI_RREADY)
	        begin
	          // Read data is accepted by the master
	          axi_rvalid <= 1'b0;
	        end                
	    end
	end    

	// Implement memory mapped register select and read logic generation
	// Slave register read enable is asserted when valid address is available
	// and the slave is ready to accept the read address.
	assign slv_reg_rden = axi_arready & S_AXI_ARVALID & ~axi_rvalid;
	always @(*)
	begin
	      // Address decoding for reading registers
	      case ( axi_araddr[ADDR_LSB+OPT_MEM_ADDR_BITS:ADDR_LSB] )
	        2'h0   : reg_data_out <= slv_reg0;
	        2'h1   : reg_data_out <= slv_reg1;
	        2'h2   : reg_data_out <= slv_reg2;
	        2'h3   : reg_data_out <= slv_reg3;
	        default : reg_data_out <= 0;
	      endcase
	end

	// Output register or memory read data
	always @( posedge S_AXI_ACLK )
	begin
	  if ( S_AXI_ARESETN == 1'b0 )
	    begin
	      axi_rdata  <= 0;
	    end 
	  else
	    begin    
	      // When there is a valid read address (S_AXI_ARVALID) with 
	      // acceptance of read address by the slave (axi_arready), 
	      // output the read dada 
	      if (slv_reg_rden)
	        begin
	          axi_rdata <= reg_data_out;     // register read data
	        end   
	    end
	end    

	// Add user logic here



 xoring DUT(
     .clk(),
     .din(),
     .reset(),
     .out()
     );


	// User logic ends

	endmodule





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