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Registered: ‎09-21-2016

How to work with VDMA

Hi everyone,


I want to know what is the correct combination for VDMA. Actually, I am discussing this thing to make myself more clear. Your valuable suggestion will be helpful to me. VDMA has two channels, for write and read. and every channel has following parameters:

  1. Memory mapped data width : Set parameter value 32.  In the memory, Data will be stored as 32-bit width data.
  2. Write/read burst size : In case of read, if we set 32, we will read data from the memory as 32-bit data at a time. 
  3. Stream Data width : This actual data width.
  4. Line Buffer depth : The line buffer depth for  depth for S2MM/MM2S channel.

Actually, I am not so clear about no 2 & no. 4 parameters definition. Suppose, for 24 bit RGB, 1280*1024 resolution what will be the correct value for no.2 and no.4 parameters. I also attached my whole design.




I am trying to display 24 bit rgb data. I have assigned the data at SDK. At the end, I don’t have any output. The configuration for VDMA


The read operation is only enable as I am writing data manually by myself through SDK.


The SDK codes:

/******************** Include files **********************************/ #include "xaxivdma.h" #include "xparameters.h" #include "ro_vdma.h" typedef struct vdma_handle { /* The device ID of the VDMA */ unsigned int device_id; /* The state variable to keep track if the initialization is done*/ unsigned int init_done; /** The XAxiVdma driver instance data. */ XAxiVdma* InstancePtr; /* The XAxiVdma_DmaSetup structure contains all the necessary information to * start a frame write or read. */ XAxiVdma_DmaSetup ReadCfg; //XAxiVdma_DmaSetup WriteCfg; /* Horizontal size of frame */ unsigned int hsize; /* Vertical size of frame */ unsigned int vsize; /* Buffer address from where read and write will be done by VDMA */ unsigned int buffer_address; }vdma_handle; vdma_handle vdma_context[XPAR_XAXIVDMA_NUM_INSTANCES]; static unsigned int context_init=0; static int ReadSetup(vdma_handle *vdma_context); //static int WriteSetup(vdma_handle *vdma_context); static int StartTransfer(XAxiVdma *InstancePtr); int single_frame_buffer(XAxiVdma* InstancePtr, int DeviceId, int hsize,\ int vsize, int buf_base_addr){ int Status,i; XAxiVdma_Config *Config; if(context_init==0) { for(i=0;i<XPAR_XAXIVDMA_NUM_INSTANCES;i++) { vdma_context[i].InstancePtr = NULL; vdma_context[i].device_id = -1; vdma_context[i].hsize = 0; vdma_context[i].vsize = 0; vdma_context[i].init_done = 0; vdma_context[i].buffer_address = 0; } context_init = 1; } Config = XAxiVdma_LookupConfig(DeviceId); if(vdma_context[DeviceId].init_done ==0) { vdma_context[DeviceId].InstancePtr = InstancePtr; /* Initialize DMA engine */ Status = XAxiVdma_CfgInitialize(vdma_context[DeviceId].InstancePtr, Config, Config->BaseAddress); vdma_context[DeviceId].init_done = 1; } vdma_context[DeviceId].device_id = DeviceId; vdma_context[DeviceId].vsize = vsize; vdma_context[DeviceId].buffer_address = buf_base_addr; vdma_context[DeviceId].hsize = hsize * 2; Status = ReadSetup(&vdma_context[DeviceId]); /* Start the DMA engine to transfer */ Status = StartTransfer(vdma_context[DeviceId].InstancePtr); return XST_SUCCESS; } static int ReadSetup(vdma_handle *vdma_context) { int Index; u32 Addr; int Status; vdma_context->ReadCfg.VertSizeInput = vdma_context->vsize; vdma_context->ReadCfg.HoriSizeInput = vdma_context->hsize; vdma_context->ReadCfg.Stride = vdma_context->hsize; vdma_context->ReadCfg.FrameDelay = 0; /* This example does not test frame delay */ vdma_context->ReadCfg.EnableCircularBuf = 1; vdma_context->ReadCfg.EnableSync = 1; /* Gen-Lock */ vdma_context->ReadCfg.PointNum = 0; vdma_context->ReadCfg.EnableFrameCounter = 0; /* Endless transfers */ vdma_context->ReadCfg.FixedFrameStoreAddr = 0; /* We are not doing parking */ /* Configure the VDMA is per fixed configuration, THis configuration is being used by majority * of customer. Expert users can play around with this if they have different configurations */ Status = XAxiVdma_DmaConfig(vdma_context->InstancePtr, XAXIVDMA_READ, &vdma_context->ReadCfg); if (Status != XST_SUCCESS) { xil_printf( "Read channel config failed %d\r\n", Status); return XST_FAILURE; } /* Initialize buffer addresses * * These addresses are physical addresses */ Addr = vdma_context->buffer_address; for(Index = 0; Index < vdma_context->InstancePtr->MaxNumFrames; Index++) { vdma_context->ReadCfg.FrameStoreStartAddr[Index] = Addr; /* Initializing the buffer in case of Debug mode */ Addr += vdma_context->hsize * vdma_context->vsize; } /* Set the buffer addresses for transfer in the DMA engine * The buffer addresses are physical addresses */ Status = XAxiVdma_DmaSetBufferAddr(vdma_context->InstancePtr, XAXIVDMA_READ, vdma_context->ReadCfg.FrameStoreStartAddr); if (Status != XST_SUCCESS) { xil_printf( "Read channel set buffer address failed %d\r\n", Status); return XST_FAILURE; } return XST_SUCCESS; } static int StartTransfer(XAxiVdma *InstancePtr) { int Status; /* Start the write channel of VDMA */ /* Status = XAxiVdma_DmaStart(InstancePtr, XAXIVDMA_WRITE); if (Status != XST_SUCCESS) { xil_printf( "Start Write transfer failed %d\r\n", Status); return XST_FAILURE; } */ /* Start the Read channel of VDMA */ Status = XAxiVdma_DmaStart(InstancePtr, XAXIVDMA_READ); if (Status != XST_SUCCESS) { xil_printf( "Start read transfer failed %d\r\n", Status); return XST_FAILURE; } return XST_SUCCESS; }
///// main.c///////

#include "xparameters.h"
#include "xstatus.h"
#include "xintc.h"
#include "xil_exception.h"
#include "xil_assert.h"
#include "xaxivdma.h"
#include "xaxivdma_i.h"
#include "ro_vdma.h"

#define VDMA_IMG_B1_BASE		((XPAR_MIG7SERIES_0_BASEADDR  + 0x1000000) + 1280*1024*2)

unsigned int srcBuffer = (XPAR_MIG7SERIES_0_BASEADDR  + 0x1000000);
void MemInit();

int main(){

	xil_printf("\n--- Entering main() --- \r\n");
	int Status;
	XAxiVdma InstancePtr;

	xil_printf("Starting the first VDMA \n\r");

	/* Calling the API to configure and start VDMA without frame counter interrupt */
	Status = single_frame_buffer(&InstancePtr,0,1280,1024,srcBuffer);
	if (Status != XST_SUCCESS){
		xil_printf("Transfer of frames failed with error = %d\r\n",Status);
		return XST_FAILURE;
		xil_printf("Transfer of frames started \r\n");

void MemInit()
	u32 *pM1 = (u32 *)srcBuffer;
	u32 i, j;

	for(i = 0; i < 1024; i++)
		for(j = 0; j < 1280; j++)
			pM1[i*1280 + j] = 255;

I have tried to follow to Xilinx vdma example design but not so much helpful to me. Any suggestion will be very helpful.


Thank you

Rappy Saha


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2 Replies
Teacher muzaffer
Registered: ‎03-31-2012

Re: How to work with VDMA



>> Memory mapped data width : Set parameter value 32.  In the memory, Data will be stored as 32-bit width data.

No. this parameter defines the width of the axi interface used to write the data. Data size can be different, ie if you  have a monochrome 8 bit data, 4 bytes would be packed and would be written as a single 32 bit transaction.


>> Write/read burst size : In case of read, if we set 32, we will read data from the memory as 32-bit data at a time. 

No,  burst size is the number of transactions within a single burst ie one address transaction is generated per 32 data transactions.


>> Line Buffer depth : The line buffer depth for  depth for S2MM/MM2S channel.


Line buffer length is independent of the resolution. 

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Registered: ‎09-21-2016

Re: How to work with VDMA

Hello @muzaffer


Thank you for explaining the parameters. They are very clear to me right now.


I have attached my whole project to following link.


The project was build up at Vivado 2017.2. I cannot figure out why my design does not work properly.

My goal:

"red stripe" on the monitor.

In my understanding, I have configured the VDMA properly. But, I am getting no video at the output.


Any suggestion will be quite helpful. I stuck in this situation for a long time.


Rappy Saha

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