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Adam Taylor’s MicroZed Chronicles, Part 195: Using the DevC/PCAP interface to configure the Zynq SoC’s PL

by Xilinx Employee on ‎05-17-2017 10:46 AM (1,352 Views)


By Adam Taylor


When I demonstrated how to boot the ZedBoard using the TFTP server, there was one aspect I did not demonstrate: configuring the Zynq SoC’s PL (programmable logic) over the TFTP. It’s very simple to do. We can include the PL bin file along with the Kernel, RAM Disk, and Device Tree blob on the server and then allow U-Boot to configure the PL as it boots, just as we did for the other elements.


We can also configure the Zynq SoC’s PL at any time we want using either Linux or bare-metal applications. To do this we use the DevC (Device configuration)/PCAP (Processor Configuration Access Port) within the Zynq SoC’s PS (processing system). There are three methods through which we configure the PL. The most obvious being JTAG, followed by PCAP under PS control, with the final method being the ICAP (Internal Configuration Access Port). It is through the DevC interface that we configure the PL when the device boots using the FSBL or U-Boot. The ICAP path is the least-used method and requires a configured PL prior to its use. One example where you might use the ICAP path would be to allow a MicroBlaze soft-core processor to reconfigure the PL.







When the device is running, we can replace the contents of the PL with an updated design using the same interface. All that we need to do is to have generated the new bit file and ensure that it is accessible to the program running on the ARM Cortex-A9 processors in the Zynq SoC’s PS so that they can download it via the DevC interface.


If we are using Linux, we can upload the file into the file system using FTP. We can then use the built-in DevC driver within the Linux Kernel to download the bit file.








From a command prompt, we can enter the command:



cat {filename} > /dev/xdevcfg



to download the bit file. When I did this for a simple Zedboard design, as shown below—which includes the ability to drive the LEDS connected to the PL—the “Done” LED lit. Of course, to ensure correct operation we need to have the device tree blob correctly configured to support the PL design.








If we want to configure the Zynq SoC’s PL using bare-metal software, we can use a similar approach. The BSP comes with an example file that downloads a PL image using the DevC interface provided that we have the PL file loaded into the Zynq SoC’s attached DDR memory. We can access the example and include it within our design using the System.MSS file, which is provided when we generate a BSP.







To correctly use the example provided, we need to have a PL bit file loaded in the DDR Memory. For a production-ready system, we would have to store the PL configuration file within a non-volatile memory and then load it into the DDR at a known address before running the DevC example code. However, to demonstrate the concept, we can use the debugger to download the configuration file into the DDR at the desired memory location.


Within the application example, all we need to do is define the location of the configuration file and the size of the file:







Having demonstrated how we can reconfigure the PL in its entirety, we can also use a similar approach to partially reconfigure regions within the PL, which we will look at in future blogs.




Code is available on Github as always.


If you want E book or hardback versions of previous MicroZed chronicle blogs, you can get them below.




  • First Year E Book here
  • First Year Hardback here.



MicroZed Chronicles hardcopy.jpg 



  • Second Year E Book here
  • Second Year Hardback here


MicroZed Chronicles Second Year.jpg 



About the Author
  • Be sure to join the Xilinx LinkedIn group to get an update for every new Xcell Daily post! ******************** Steve Leibson is the Director of Strategic Marketing and Business Planning at Xilinx. He started as a system design engineer at HP in the early days of desktop computing, then switched to EDA at Cadnetix, and subsequently became a technical editor for EDN Magazine. He's served as Editor in Chief of EDN Magazine, Embedded Developers Journal, and Microprocessor Report. He has extensive experience in computing, microprocessors, microcontrollers, embedded systems design, design IP, EDA, and programmable logic.